Periodontal Therapy & Laser Treatment

Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums. When bacterial plaque spreads below the gum line, it causes pockets of infection in the areas around the teeth, resulting in periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can be treated in two main ways -- surgically and non-surgically. Non-surgically, there are two methods -- scaling and root planing and laser treatment. The type of treatment used to treat you will depend a lot on the extent of the disease.

Periodontal Therapy & Laser Treatment

Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums. When bacterial plaque spreads below the gum line, it causes pockets of infection in the areas around the teeth, resulting in periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can be treated in two main ways- surgically and non-surgically. Non-surgically, there are two methods- scaling and root planing and laser treatment. The type of treatment used to treat you will depend a lot on the extent of the disease.

How do Periodontal Therapy and Laser Dentistry work?

Our team of dental professionals have years of experience and are able to perform the most highly skilled periodontal therapy and laser dentistry Tampa has available.

Surgical periodontal therapy: For traditional periodontal surgery, your teeth and gums will be thoroughly cleaned after which you will receive local anesthesia. The surgery will involve an incision being made in the gum to allow a small flap to be made. The flap will be held back gently to reveal the pocket of infection underneath. The infected area is cleaned out and disinfected to kill off any remaining bacteria.

To help the gum and supporting bone tissue regenerate around the tooth, a graft is introduced in the area. The graft is usually taken from the palate of the mouth and provides a substrate for new tissues to grow. Once the graft has been fitted, the flap is sutured. There would be some amount of bleeding and swelling of the gums after the surgery, but this heals in a few days.

Scaling and root planing: Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure that does not involve cutting into the gum. If the periodontal disease infection has not spread too deep within the gum, it can be treated with scaling and root planing. The disease causes the gums to get inflamed and pull back from the teeth, exposing the root.

You will first get a sedative or local anesthetic to prevent any pain or discomfort. An instrument called a scaler is used to clean out the plaque and calculus that has extended below the gum line. Once all the infection has been removed, the area is disinfected to make sure that all the disease-causing bacteria have been killed off. The next step involves smoothing the exposed surfaces of the roots to facilitate the reattachment of the gum to them. Scaling and root planning is usually done over two visits.

Laser treatment

Laser treatment is used as a non-surgical alternative to traditional periodontal surgery. There might be cases where a patient cannot undergo surgery due to a medical condition or drug allergy or they simply may wish to avoid conventional surgery; in this case, the laser treatment may be their best option.

Laser treatment does not require the patient to be anesthetized, so anyone with an allergic reaction to anesthesia can opt for this method. There is also no cutting open of the gum in laser periodontal treatment.

A thin optic fiber containing the laser is inserted into the pocket of infection and the laser, which is carefully calibrated to a certain wavelength,mkills bacteria and clears away darkened infected tissue. Healthy gum tissue, which is a lighter color, is not affected by the laser. Suction is used to clean out the area completely.

A different wavelength of the laser is then used to warm the gum tissue, activating the growth of new cells. The warming helps the gum and the supporting bone tissue to regenerate and close up the pockets around the roots. With the help of the laser, the pocket can be sealed completely, preventing any further infection from entering the region.

What are the pros and cons of each type of treatment?

During traditional periodontal surgery, the dentist can actually see the infected area under the gum and can make sure to remove all traces of the infection properly. However, because the treatment involves cutting the gum, there is a considerable amount of bleeding involved. The procedure, more often than not, requires the additional step of introducing a graft. Healing takes longer than non-surgical procedures.

Scaling and root planing do not involve the cutting of the gum and can be done under sedation. This procedure is limited to treating periodontal disease that has not progressed too far below the gum line.

Laser treatment is relatively painless and causes little to no bleeding. It has been shown to be effective in killing off 99.9% of the bacteria. The procedure can stimulate new tissue growth without the need for a graft.

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How do you decide which treatment is best for you?

At our office, a highly experienced Tampa laser dentist will first give you a full oral examination to determine the extent of the periodontal disease. After collecting your medical history, we will decide the best treatment option for you. We will explain the procedure to you and answer any questions you have.

After all of these procedures, we give you a set of instructions that you should follow carefully so that you heal well and have no complications. Antibiotics, painkillers, and anti-inflammatory drugs will be prescribed as required. We will also schedule a follow-up visit to make sure that everything looks good and that the infection has been completely treated.

All Dental Tampa

Our team of dental professionals have years of experience and are highly skilled in performing each of these periodontal procedures. While doing the laser treatment, we take extreme care to ensure that the laser is calibrated to the correct wavelength (often, the dentist does not get a clear view of the area being treated during the procedure and if the wavelength of the laser is not set correctly, it could damage healthy tissue as well). All the instruments we use are of the highest grade and all our equipment is state of the art.

If you are experiencing swollen and painful gums, inflamed gums that are pulling away from the roots or bleeding and discharge from your gums, schedule an appointment with us as soon as possible. Our patients always come first and we make sure to address all concerns and be very thorough with our treatments. Periodontal disease is a serious condition and at All Dental Tampa we are here to help you address it fully and get you back on the road to total oral health. Contact us today for treatment.

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